Zantes ģimenes atbalsta centrs | 50) an hour well below the industry minimum wage of about 8
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50) an hour well below the industry minimum wage of about 8

50) an hour well below the industry minimum wage of about 8

Opium numbs the pain for Indian buy canada goose jacket cheap pickers exploited on Italian farms

Police show 18 kilograms of dried poppy pods and cash seized during canadian goose jacket an arrest in Sabaudia, Latina, Italy. May 6, 2017. Handout: Carabinieri police Canada Goose Parka unit in Latina

Canada Goose Parka In buy canada goose jacket between he picked watermelons for up to 13 hours a day in what activists say Canada Goose online are exploitative conditions faced by thousands of Indian labourers in Italy Pontine Marshes, just south of Rome. Canada Goose Parka

buy canada goose jacket summer it is very hot, your back hurts. buy canada goose jacket

cheap Canada Goose About 30,000 Indians, mainly canada goose uk shop Sikhs from Punjab state, canada goose uk black friday live in the Pontine Marshes, a region that Italy fascist regime drained for agriculture in the 1930s. cheap Canada Goose

canada goose deals Most work as labourers and over the last decade canada goose many have been forced to work for virtually nothing to pay off canada goose coats debts canada goose clearance sale to agents who promised good jobs and organised travel from India. canada goose deals

Canada Goose online This is known as debt bondage the most prevalent form of modern day slavery worldwide according uk canada goose outlet to the United Nations. As many as 46 million people are estimated to be enslaved globally, said rights group Walk Free Foundation in 2016. Canada Goose online

canada goose black friday sale ATYPICAL ADDICTS The Indian workers have settled in villages canada goose clearance and the seaside towns where Romans spend holidays, but they have secluded lives. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose coats on sale Speaking little or no Italian, many cycle Canada Goose Jackets long canada goose factory sale distances every day from rundown, shared accommodation to the thousands of farms and greenhouses that produce courgettes, radishes, melons, kiwis and mozzarella. canada goose coats on sale

A growing number of these labourers are taking drugs to cope with long hours, poor conditions and very low pay, according to interviews canada goose store with workers, doctors, police and rights groups.

Canada Goose Outlet Most chew dried poppy pods, which contain low levels of morphine and codeine, but when consumed regularly can cause addiction that requires methadone treatment. Canada Goose Outlet

Some, like Amandeep, slide uk canada goose into consuming heavier drugs, including heroin.

are not typical addicts, said Ezio Matacchioni, a neurologist at the addiction treatment department of a hospital in the provincial capital of Latina.

These users do not seek euphoria or pleasure, he said. take drugs to put up with the strain. because they are treated like slaves.

Canada Goose Jackets DEBT BONDAGE Amandeep was prescribed methadone two years ago after he was hospitalised during a withdrawal fit. Canada Goose Jackets

He first arrived in Italy from Punjab in 2008, dreaming of a bright future promised by a labour agent to whom he paid $13,000 for a plane ticket and travel documents.

Amandeep paid half up front and took a loan from the agent for the rest, which he paid back by working virtually for free for about seven months.

canada goose was left with) just about enough to eat and pay the rent, he said. canada goose

canadian goose jacket Many Indian labourers who Canada Goose Outlet settled here in the last 10 years came in similar circumstances, said Marco Omizzolo of In Migrazione, a migrant Canada Goose sale rights group. canadian goose jacket

canada goose clearance promise work and canada goose black friday sale accommodation as well as sorting out travel cheap Canada Goose and paper work, four essential things for those who do not speak Italian, he said. canada goose clearance

Canada Goose sale Newcomers are sometimes stripped of their documents to ensure they don leave until the debt is repaid, he added. Canada Goose sale

canada goose store Afterwards most remain in canada goose sale the cheap canada goose uk area, where they rely on the support of the Sikh community but remain vulnerable to exploitation. canada goose store

canada goose clearance sale Farm workers cycle home in the evening in the Pontine Marshes region, Italy. March 25, 2017. THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION/UMBERTO BACCHI canada goose clearance sale

canada goose coats In many farms, pickers are canada goose coats on sale paid 3 5 euros ($3.30 $5.50) an hour well below the industry minimum wage of about 8 euros and work without Canada Goose Online breaks in scorching summer temperatures. canada goose coats

Those hired with a regular contract often have fewer days than they actually work recorded on their payslips.

can read my contract, said one labourer. coming here I canada goose uk outlet thought Italy was a paradise but I still haven found where that paradise is.

The work is overseen by gangmasters, known as often members of the Sikh community acting as go betweens with employers, who recruit pickers but withhold part of their pay.

the farm owner pays 4 euros, (gangmasters) tell (workers) the pay is 3.80 and pocket the difference, said Gurmukh Singh, head of a local Indian community association.

buy canada goose jacket cheap Andrea de Gasperis, a regional chief prosecutor, said investigation was difficult as few people are willing to speak out against other members of their community. is little we can do if they do not report Canada Goose Coats On Sale (abuses), he said buy canada goose jacket cheap.

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